Namib Desert is located primarily in Namibia in southwestern Africa on the Atlantic coast. It begins in Angola and extends along the entire coast of Namibia, ie from the mouth of the Kunene River on the border with Angola in the north of the Orange River estuary in the south, on the border with South Africa. Namib in nama means “giant” in another translation, “a place where nothing is.” Since the word is derived the name of Namibia.
- Length: 1300 km
- Width: 50 to 160 km
- Area: about 130 thousand. km ²
Through her site Kuiseb river flows through most of the year dry. It is divided into two parts of the Namib. The northern part is a rocky plateau, reaching the west to the ocean. This area is called the Skeleton Coast and is protected as a national park.
The southern part is a sandy plain on the move straight or stellar dunes. The sand near the coast is yellow, while in the hinterland becomes dark red hue. Chains of dunes extend in a north-south direction and reach a height of 200 m and a length of 50 km. The highest dunes are located in the middle of the desert, near Sossusvlei, they have even more than 300 m in height . During the day, the sand temperature can reach over 80 degrees Celsius. Namib Desert is considered the oldest in the world, it has about 80 million years. Part of the National Park Namib-Naukluft.
This is one of the most deprived areas in the light of the world. Yearly rainfall is only 10-14 mm. Usually occur only once every few years, and only a few days.
Benguelski cold Antarctic current in the Atlantic over the ocean cools the air, causing fog. It reaches to the Namib desert, reaching sixty miles inland and brings moisture, which allows the survival of the local fauna and flora.
The Lüderitz diamonds are exploited.
In the desert there are many unique and endemic species of plants and animals.
- Welwitschia mirabilis – discovered by Friedrich Welwitscha in 1859,
- Kokerboom, otherwise the tree quivers (Aloe dichotoma) – sukulent attaining an altitude of 7 meters.
- Chrysochloris aurea – only discovered in the 60s Twentieth century,
- Southern oryx (Oryx Gazella) – perfectly suited for desert conditions. Long endure without water, sweat only when body temperature reaches 45 degrees Celsius.
The Namib Desert is one of the oldest and driest deserts on Earth. Runs through the 1400 km along the Atlantic coast in southwestern Africa, from the border between Angola and Namibia to the Orange River. At its widest point measured 160 km, and the narrowest – only the 10th
Desert Kuiseb river is divided into two parts. To the south stretches the vast sea of sand dunes straight or stellar. Sometimes they settle the height of 200 m. In the sand dunes are counting one million years and contains the largest known deposits of diamonds in the world.
To the north of the river Kuiseb are rocky gravel plains. Along the coast, known as Prefab Coast waters are rough and dangerous. Many sailors lost their ships, not only there, but life.
In coastal areas the average annual rainfall is 25 mm. It rains there are extremely rare and are mostly sudden and violent rains. The source of moisture is arising in the night dew and fog, which on average every ten days, also at night, appear on the coast. They sometimes reach 50 km inland. Occurring in this area plants and animals have adapted to life in these harsh conditions, and some even learned to wrap them drink dew droplets.