Okavango Delta – the world’s largest inland delta of the river Okavango, escaping once located in the northern part of Lake Makgadikgadi Botswana today. The lake dried up about 10 thousand years ago and now his place is the Kalahari basin, of which about 15 000 km ² is irrigated through the Okavango Delta. Escaping to the river now in the final stretch of his increasingly slows down, creating backwaters and marshy island overgrown with grass and reeds. Later in the swamps are becoming less muddy, until you pass the tarsometatarsal area of the Kalahari desert. Some of the waters of the Okavango delta fed lake Ngami.
The Okavango Delta live countless birds and numerous other animals, using the abundant water resources, and – consequently – the lush vegetation. Nevertheless, occurring in the region drier and wetter periods make the area favorable for growth is not constant, sometimes greatly reduced and sometimes haunt his floods. The Government of Namibia, through whose territory the Okavango flows, plans to build a dam on this river in the Caprivi region to regulate its flow. These plans, however, could mean irreparable damage to flora and fauna-rich Okavango Delta.
On the southeastern edge of the Okavango delta area, the territory of Botswana is a city of Maun (about 50 thousand. Inhabitants), where there is such a small airport.
Okavango Delta in northern Botswana is the inland delta largest on Earth – when he reaches full size, covers an area of 22 thousand. km ².
Okavango River originates in the highlands of Angola as the Cubango. In March, during torrential rains, the river poured southward toward the Kalahari Basin in Botswana. Only for some distance, it runs quite a narrow trough, bounded on both sides by distant from each other about 15 km elevation. Next water is poured onto the plain flooding, crosses the barrier of reeds, swirls around the islands, and fill swimming pools and canals dry.
Lots of animals fleeing from the area zalewającymi drinks of water. Others, however – more than 400 species of birds, crocodiles, hippos, mud turtles and toads – they come here in search of food and breeding sites.