Height: 3776 m above sea-level
Prominence: 3776 m
First ascent: the first traces are from 663 years
Mount Fuji (Fujiyama Japanese) is a marvel of nature and sacred place, revered by Buddhists, who consider it a gateway to another world. The crater is known as Naiin (Temple). Fudżijam is also of great importance in the ancient Japanese Shinto religion. Its followers believe that gods and spirits (kami) live in the rocks and trees on the slopes of the mountains.
Mount Fuji is covered by snow most of the year. Symmetrically inclined slopes and the base of the shape of a perfect circle with a circumference of 126 km makes it extremely beautiful. Mountain is visible in pogodnu day with a distance of about 80 km. This is a young volcano, which was about 600 thousand. years ago. erupted 18 times, the last eruption occurred in 1707, and the ashes then found their way up to a distance of 100 km of Tokyo.
It is an inactive volcano lying on the rocks of marine Paleogene and Neogene. The diameter of the crater is 500 m and 250 m depth magma chamber volume of about 1400 km3 lies at a depth of about 56 km. Fuji is composed of three volcanic cones that are remnants of different age phases of volcanism and works invisibly on the surface. The oldest is a pre-cone Komitake active against 700 thousand. years and is known only from boreholes. It is characterized by volcanism andezytowym. A little younger, preserved on the surface is a cone Komitake of around 700 thousand. years, wulkanizmie andezytowo-basalt. Another so-called cone. Mature Fuji run of 80 thousand. years to 11 thousand. years ago and was characterized by basalt volcanism, like the cone of Fuji’s younger, active from 11 thousand. years and the highest of the three discussed. Although the main phase of the Younger Fuji activity for the period 11-8 thousand. years ago, this volcano is still active. 781 r n.e. There were 10 eruptions, including three very significant. The last eruption took place from October 28, 1707, to January 1, 1708, in the Edo era. This was the result of a strong earthquake of October 28, 1707. The probability of successive eruptions is assessed as significant.
Nearby Mount Fuji are two other volcanoes: Ashitaka and Hakone.
Fuji tourist development
Volcano and its massif are the targets of a number of tourist trips and pilgrimages. The official climbing season is July and August. At the top are currently (2008) four hiking trails, with which it is paid ten tourist resorts. To a height of 2400 m above sea-level can be reached by asphalt road, the bus in the summer cruise. On top of running a meteorological observatory.
In the winter season (from mid-November) on the northwestern slope of terrain are open for skiing.
Around Mount Fuji, from the north, lies five lakes under the name Fuji GOKO: Kawaguchi, Yamanaka, Sai, Motosu and Shoji. Near the waterfalls are also known Shiraito, often visited by tourists. Fuji is a part of the National Park Fuji-Hakone-Izu.
In June 2009, opened on Mount Fuji Shizuoka Airport, a small airport to operate from airports in Nagoya and Tokyo-Haneda. The port is located between the cities of Shizuoka and Hamamatsu.
Fuji importance in the culture
The distinctive silhouette of a volcano whose peak is covered with snow most of the year, was and is very popular motif in art. The famous mountain landscapes in the form of a series of woodcuts Fri: “36 views of Mount Fuji mountain,” are the work of Hokusai’a Katsushiki.
Fuji is a sacred mountain for the followers of Shinto – as a female deity Konohana-no-sakuyahime-no-Mikoto. It was built on the three torii gates and two temples. Until 1868 a ban on entry to the top for women.
Designers skyscraper X-Seed 4000 design developed shape resembling the top of Fuji. Building (if formed) would be 200 meters higher than the top.