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Lake Retba

The French name of the lake is Lac Rose (Pink Lake), and not without reason has been attributed to this akwenowi. Waters of the lake have a pink color that is particularly clear during the dry season.

Lake lies to the east of the capital Dakar, Senegal, and the most southernmost point of Africa to the west of Cape Verde. Waters of the lake changes its color depending on the intensity of incident sunlight. It is believed that the pink color of micro-organisms are responsible, and a high concentration of minerals in the surrounding soils, mainly chlorine and minerals.

Lake Retba like its counterpart in Australia, the lake is very salty Hillier and separated from the ocean only a narrow strip of dunes a few hundred meters. This is due to the fact that in ancient times the lake was small coves, which, by the applied sand was cut off from the open water area. As a result of evaporating seawater, seawater salinity growth followed, until the present level, which in the lake Retba is 38%, or about the same as the salinity of the Dead Sea.

The lake is still African mined salt, and the manner of delivery has not changed for years and is passed down from generation to generation. The whole process starts from the bottom grab the Pink Lake salty sludge. It is then transported to the shore, where salt is washed and dried in the sun. After drying, the salt forms a dense shell, which must be crushed. Finally ready to sell salt Piles left behind in small mounds.

Another interesting fact is that in the vicinity of the lake was often finish the Dakar Rally, the largest in the world and the most difficult challenges for the field of professional drivers, as well as for amateurs. The location of the finish was primarily dictated by the huge popularity enjoyed by Pink Lake, and the proximity of the dunes and the beach, where he played out the last stage.

Table Mountain

Country: South Africa
Height: 1086 m above sea-level
First ascent: 1503 António de Saldanha

Table Mountain (Afrikaans Tafelberg) – Cape Town, which is a symbol of the mountain located in the northern part of the mountain chain of the southern tip of the Cape of Good Hope (about 52 km long and up to 16 km wide).


Table Mountain covers an area of ​​about 6,500 ha, of which plateau approximately 3 km ². The highest point is the mound of stones piled by Maclear Beacon in 1865 for triangulation measurements. It is situated at an altitude of 1086 m above sea level. On both sides of the mountain has the characteristic formations: the east of Devils Peak (Devil’s Peak), and the western head of the Lion (Lion’s Head). The top of Table Mountain often envelops the cloud.


The upper part of Table Mountain is made up of erosion-resistant quartz sandstone ordowickiego. Below is a layer of sandstone weathering slate easily. It consists of a strongly folded Precambrian Malmesbury shale.


The main plant formations occurring on the Table Mountain fynbos are the characteristic floristic przylądkowego state. These are protected areas, UNESCO World Heritage Site.

There also is progressing spread of alien species, such as coastal pine.


The most common animal, especially around the upper cable car station, where he sometimes fed with the tourists, the hyrax of headland. They live there also porcupines, mongooses, snakes, and turtles. The last lion in the area was shot circa 1802. Leopards lived there until the 20s Twentieth century but are now considered to be locally extinct. There they met the caracal and wild cats.

Tara’s Himalayan who escaped from a nearby zoo, lived for a time in remote mountainous areas but were eliminated as an alien species, to allow the reintroduction of native goats rock.


The original name given to the top of the first inhabitants was, Hoeri ‘wagon (sea mountain).

The oldest traces of primitive man found in the area have more than 600 000 years. These include hunter-gatherer tools found in the depression near the Cape of Good Hope.

The first European who in 1503 sailed to the area and climbed Table Mountain, was Antonio de Saldanha.

In 1796, during the British occupation of the cape, Gen. Sir James Craig told to build in the top three blokhauzy: Royal sconce, sconce Duke of York (later renamed Queen’s blockhouse) and the blockhouse Prince of Wales. Two of them are now in ruins. The royal blockhouse is still in good condition.

The top has become a part of a new Cape Peninsula National Park in the 90s Twentieth century, in 1998 the park was named National Park Table Mountain (Table Mountain National Park). In 2004, it entered the UNESCO World Heritage List as a team Cape Floral Protected Areas. Park has an area of ​​221 km ².

Cable railway

Cable car on Table Mountain takes passengers from the lower station of Tafelberg Road, located about 302 m above sea level, on top of the mountain [4]. From the top station overlooking Cape Town, Table Bay, and Robben Island and the Atlantic Ocean.

Construction of the queue began in 1926. The official opening took place in 1929. In 1997, the cableway was extensively upgraded. New carriages carrying 65 instead of – as hitherto – 25 people. At the top station, there are souvenir shops and restaurants. There are also hiking trails of varying lengths.

Table Mountain in the iconography and commemoration

Table Mountain has become a symbol of Cape Town, and its simplified image (with Diablim Peak and Lion’s Head) appears on the flag of the city.

Table Mountain is the only facility on Earth, from which it takes its name from the constellation – Constellation Table Mountain, marked by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in the year 1751.

Table Mountain dominates Cape of Good Hope. It rises to a height of 1086 meters above sea-level and is visible from the sea at a distance of 200 km. The flattened upper part was formed hundreds of millions of years ago by a glacier. Most of the stones on the flat top of the limestone, not granite like the rest of the top, this is evidence that they have been left here by slowly sliding a huge mass of ice.


Okavango swamps

Okavango Delta – the world’s largest inland delta of the river Okavango, escaping once located in the northern part of Lake Makgadikgadi Botswana today. The lake dried up about 10 thousand years ago and now his place is the Kalahari basin, of which about 15 000 km ² is irrigated through the Okavango Delta. Escaping to the river now in the final stretch of his increasingly slows down, creating backwaters and marshy island overgrown with grass and reeds. Later in the swamps are becoming less muddy, until you pass the tarsometatarsal area of ​​the Kalahari desert. Some of the waters of the Okavango delta fed lake Ngami.

The Okavango Delta live countless birds and numerous other animals, using the abundant water resources, and – consequently – the lush vegetation. Nevertheless, occurring in the region drier and wetter periods make the area favorable for growth is not constant, sometimes greatly reduced and sometimes haunt his floods. The Government of Namibia, through whose territory the Okavango flows, plans to build a dam on this river in the Caprivi region to regulate its flow. These plans, however, could mean irreparable damage to flora and fauna-rich Okavango Delta.

On the southeastern edge of the Okavango delta area, the territory of Botswana is a city of Maun (about 50 thousand. Inhabitants), where there is such a small airport.

Okavango Delta in northern Botswana is the inland delta largest on Earth – when he reaches full size, covers an area of ​​22 thousand. km ².

Okavango River originates in the highlands of Angola as the Cubango. In March, during torrential rains, the river poured southward toward the Kalahari Basin in Botswana. Only for some distance, it runs quite a narrow trough, bounded on both sides by distant from each other about 15 km elevation. Next water is poured onto the plain flooding, crosses the barrier of reeds, swirls around the islands, and fill swimming pools and canals dry.

Lots of animals fleeing from the area zalewającymi drinks of water. Others, however – more than 400 species of birds, crocodiles, hippos, mud turtles and toads – they come here in search of food and breeding sites.