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Rysy are located in the main ridge of the High Tatras. Its height is 2499 m above sea-level and they are highest peak lying in our country. The top is a three-vertical, the other two lie side wierchołki Slovak and their heights are respectively 2503 m and 2473 m m.p.m..

Scratches are part of the main ridge of the Tatras, which is the point of three tropical ridge. The first ridge extends from lilac and Świnicy Pass by Mięguszowiecka peaks, Beef Back to Rysy. The second comes from the top ridge Rysy in a southeasterly direction to the High. The third ridge is a ridge in the direction of the outgoing Low Rysy (2430 m) to Wyżniego Frog Peak.

The first known ascent made ​​July 20, 1840, Edward John Blasy guided Rumanom Diecznym senior, and first entry into the winter – with Jacob Theodor Wundt Horvayom 10 April 1884 year. In the 90s of the nineteenth century, the first entry Blasego plaque commemorated.

In 1899 the peak came Maria Sklodowska-Curie and her husband Pierre Curie, in 1913 Vladimir Lenin.

Rysy are now fairly besieged the summit, especially in the summer months, although the entrance from the Polish is a difficult trail, with very large exposures.

In 2000 he was started on the top border with Slovakia, which is open during the summer and is the highest border crossing in the whole Carpathians.

Rysy are a very good scenic place, on a clear day you can admire from the top of almost all the major peaks of the Tatra Mountains, several ponds, many valleys, the largest of which are: Mięguszowicka Valley, Valley Stream and Fish-White Water Valley.


Sanctuary in Lichen

Lichen Old is a small town in Wielkopolska province, in central Poland. Sanctuary located there is one of the greatest Marian shrines in Poland, visited annually by about 1.5 million pilgrims and tourists.

In 1813, the Battle of Leipzig, was seriously wounded soldier, Napoleonic Thomas Klosowski. He prayed to Our Lady for help, which appeared to him wander to the heart of a white eagle. She promised deliverance and asked him to find her image and surrounded the care of the family pages.

Only after 23 years, returning from a pilgrimage to Czestochowa, near the village of Lgota Klosowski saw the image. First took him to his home in Izabelin the Lichen, and 1844 years has placed in the chapel hung on the pine forest in the nearby grąblińskim.

When in 1848 he died Kłossowski took care of the chapel with Pastor Nicholas Sikatka. From 1850-1852 he was kilkaktrotne visions of Our Lady, which called for repentance and conversion of people. Initially, residents do not pay attention to the warnings until the outbreak of cholera. Before the chapel began to pray for the multitudes, many people rediscovered their faith, and even were healed.

September 29, 1852 the miraculous image was moved to the church in Lichen. The ceremony was attended by 80,000 faithful.

In 1949 the parish came to the Marian Fathers, and in 1967 Polish Primate Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski solemnly crowned the miraculous image, which was awarded the title Queen of Sorrows Polish. The ceremony was attended by 150,000 faithful from across the Polish and the episcopate.

Currently, around Lake Licheń is the third sanctuary Tysiąslecia, which consists of three churches, the 30-meter Way of the Cross of Calvary, and the pilgrim’s home.

One of the churches included in the sanctuary of the Holy Virgin is the monumental Basilica of Our Lady of Lichen. Its construction started in 1994 and completed in 2004. It is the largest in Poland, seven in Europe and eleventh in the world.

It is 139 meters long, 77 meters wide, the height of the tower is almost 130 meters. Visible from afar a huge dome of the basilica is 36-meters in diameter and 45 m in height.

The basilica is built on a cruciform plan. It consists of the main tower, bell tower and three porches. The bell weighs find myself almost 15 tons of bell Mary Mother of God, which is the biggest bell in Poland.

The temple has 365 windows and 52 doors, which symbolize the days and weeks a year, and leads to the Basilica of 33 degrees referring to the years of life of Jesus Christ.

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Turquoise Lake

Turquoise Lake, also known as Emerald Lake, is located on the island of Wolin near Wapnicy in the municipality of Miedzyzdroje. It was established in 1945, previously in its place was a pit mine in chalk. Seep into the excavation of the underground water of the river and flooded everything.

Turquoise Lake is 20 m deep, but it is not big – 1.6 ha. It sparkles with all shades of blue and green. Water Colour is a merit of dissolved calcium compounds in it, and white limestone bottom.

Turquoise Lake is surrounded by many hills, covered with woods and Mediterranean vegetation. On one of these hills called Sand Mountain’s viewpoint.

Turquoise Lake near the monumental oak grows, a very ancient name, which is 680 cm in circumference.


Morskie Oko

It is one of the most visited places in the Polish Tatras. Gathers crowds of tourists who began to arrive here early in the nineteenth century. Located in Valley Stream Fish-at the height of 1395 meters above sea level in glacial trough on the north side is closed moraine embankment.

Widely recognized as the largest Tatra lake area 34.5 ha, or – according to other calculations – 34.9 ha. Its length is about 862 m and a width of about 566 m. According to some sources, the surface gives way to Morskie Oko Great pond in the Valley of Five Polish Ponds.

The maximum depth is 50.8 Morskie Oko meters. Water has a green color, and opacity reaches 11-14 meters. This easily can be noted here that live trout.

Stocking the tank – the only case in our Tatra Mountains – is natural. It also once inhabited the salmon pipelining. Perhaps this explains the former name: Fish Pond.

With the current involves a legend that says that the lake has a subterranean connection to the Adriatic. Apparently, throwing waves past the remains of sunken ships and deep vein great sea fish.

Valley of Five Polish Ponds

Is an entirely situated above the upper limit of the forest circus big glacier with an area of ​​more than 7 square kilometers with a few side branches. Its main adornment is – contrary to its name-six joints: Front, Small, Big, Black, Tasks and a crop of eye; periodically appear in two more small rate.

Bare rocks and rough turn rising above the waters, as well as an interesting, albeit sparse vegetation, which consists mainly mosses, lichens and vast grasslands form a magnificent alpine landscape.

Front on the banks of Pond’s highest situated (1671 m) and one of the oldest shelters. Great Pond is the deepest (79.3 m), the most capacious (12 967 thousand. M³) and – according to some statistics – the largest (34.4 ha), pond. Zadniego Pond, also known as the Zadnim Pond Circle, will not find his eyes, he is at an altitude of 1890 meters above sea level (only 5 m below the Giewont!) and is the highest situated Polish pond.

Valley of Five Polish Ponds is a popular tourist destination. Marked trails lead from here, among others on Zawrat, Goat Peak, Krzyżne, Szpiglasową Pass to Morskie Oko and Roztoka Valley.


Great Masurian Lakes

It’s throw on the tape. Only recognized as one of the seven world wonders of nature Masuria protect against damage. Now they are an oasis of wildlife.

Naming the land of a thousand lakes Mazur is unjust; lakes is much more.
The heart and also the most attractive part of Mazur is Masurian Lake District, situated in the middle. The whole landscape is slightly older than the Egyptian pyramids and Stonehenge UK. About 10 thousand years ago, melting glaciers leave behind a string of hills. Melting ice water flushed into the deep gutter. In the wider hollows remained ice, which melted over time.

The uniqueness of Great Masurian Lakes lies in the fact that it is richly endowed by nature and culture, and at the same intensively used by the Recreational. Other European lake districts are on medication or monuments (like Finnish) or nature (such as Mecklenburg), or both (which could be enough for all the lakes Balaton).

And as far as peacefully coexist in peace advocates wypatrywania rare birds, lying on the beach, contemplating the old walls, mushrooming, fishing, swimming silently under sail, or an infernal noise (there are those, and it does not so few, for which the engine roar alone is an attraction in itself.) And even to this are the farmers, foresters and fishermen, with their own interests, not necessarily coincide with tourists.

Sailors and motorowodniacy to the lake, over 500 square kilometers panes of water. Some of them are totally excluded, however, that nature reserves, among others. Łuknajno lake.

Edges are divided among themselves on the beaches wylegujący, peeping wędkujący and intimate life of nature. Ekoturyści here are countless habitats cormorants, swans, Great Crested Grebe, the black stork, black kite, golden eagle, sea eagle, capercaillie, black grouse, hazel grouse, otter, lynx, wolf, turtle, moose and many species of bats and insects.

Anglers are in the lakes, but also in clean rivers Masurian brave salmon, trout, grayling, powerful and cunning sum of sows. Mushroom – porcini and chanterelle abundance. Canoeists – beautiful running trails and numerous rivers, lakes and canals. Sailors and motorowodniacy – several large lakes with cozy harbors, like Santa Claus, Gizycko whether Ruciane-Nida.

Supporters admire the traces of the past have Teutonic castles in Barcianach, Gizycko, Ketrzyn Nidzica, Ryn, Węgorzewo, Dzialdowo, palaces in Sztynort, Sorkwity, Brzeznica Kałkach, Nakomiadach, Drogoszach, fortress and swing bridge in Giżycko rentals Hitler and Himmler, headquarters Wehrmacht, forester Galczynski laundry, viaducts in Stańczyki, the battlefield of Tannenberg, hundreds of historic cemeteries, the wildlife park in Kadzidłowo, Wolisko bison reserve, sailing village in Mikolajki, Mrongoville western town, the Museum of the Earth Mazury in flock, the pyramid in Rapa, Old Believers monastery and church in Wojnowo. And of course the legendary treasure buried somewhere in the Russian army in the Masurian forests. To Masuria were not destroyed as the city around, protected them in different ways. It Mazury Landscape Park (40 000 ha), protecting, among others. Lake Mamry and Maui are protected landscape areas, many areas of Natura 2000, over one hundred and thousands of reserves, nature monuments.

And of course the lake: the biggest in Poland, Maui (113.8 km ²), Mamry (105 km ², but it contains the most water, 1.0126 or 1.0126 billion cubic kilometer cubic meters), the longest in Poland Jeziorak (27 km) and Niegocin, Orzysz, Jagodne, Talty, and others. Besides, most lakes are composed of smaller ones.

And what makes Masuria are on the verge of destruction? Well, those who come to get enough of their beauty. Now two of their group, and quadowcy motorowodniacy. The roar of powerful engines, caused by rapid unit, waves, zryta litter, broken bushes, air and water pollution, aggressive behavior of a large part of this group makes the lakes and forests are disappearing as more vulnerable species and the part of tourists who do not suffer from such conditions. Much of the sailors have already reached. Almost all do not count the money, and come to one or a few days to intensively “rest” because you have to watch or interest, or to collect tribute.

Just to be changed fashion, and the vast majority of them will be within a few days and Masuria be saved. It can also help you move to ban motorboats and personal watercraft on the waters and to lay trails for quad. Hungary introduced a ban on Lake Balaton and strictly enforce it, and have hundreds of thousands of tourists, not just local, but especially from Austria, Germany, Britain and Russia.