Palace of Culture and Science is located in the center of Warsaw at Parade Square. It is the tallest building in Poland and the fourth in Europe. Although he has always been unwanted and ignored by the Warsaw paradoxically became a symbol of Warsaw’s most famous building in Poland.
Palace of Culture and Science was built as a gift from the Soviet people for the Polish nation, and the idea of its construction was Joseph Stalin. The designer of a skyscraper was a Soviet architect Lev Rudniew. He designed among other university building in Moscow, which served as the prototype of Polish Palace.
Soviet planners wanted to establish a structure to the tradition of Polish architecture. Therefore held a tour of Poland, whose aim was to gather needed information and get acquainted with Polish architecture. They visited the city include: Chelm, Kazimierz, Krakow, Nieborów, Plock, Pulawy, Torun and Zamosc.
Construction of the Palace of Culture and Science, lasted from 2 May 1952 to 22 July 1955. It worked on about 3,500 Russian workers, who lived in a specially built settlement. During the construction of occupational accidents killed 16 Russians.
March 7, 1953, two days after the death of Joseph Stalin, was given the building a name for the Palace of Culture and Science, the name of Joseph Stalin. Under the resolution of the Council of State and Council of Ministers signed the PRL and Boleslaw Bierut Aleksander Zawadzki. Also expected elevation in the square before the palace a monument of Stalin, but that never was.
Were used for the construction of 50 000 tons of bricks, 50,000 tons of concrete, 16,000 tons of steel. The palace is 230.68 meters high with a spire, and 167.68 meters without her. It is the tallest building in Poland and the fourth in Europe. Outweigh him only two office buildings in Frankfurt: Commerzbank (260 m) and Messeturm (259 m) and the University. £ omonosowa in Moscow (240 m). Bydunek has 42 floors, the 30th floor, at an altitude of 114 m, has an observation deck.
Construction area is 123,084 square meters. The building has 3,288 rooms, including several ballrooms and conference rooms, four theaters, multiplex cinema, museums, bookstores, and pool. It also has established several institutions, including the Science Museum, Palace of Youth, Polish Academy of Sciences, a branch of the Goethe Institute. In the Palace’s Congress Hall, which is Poland’s largest conference hall can accommodate up to a spectacular 3000. The building also hosts various fairs.
On New Year’s Eve 2000 at the Palace was unveiled highest clock tower in the world. Its four wheels are on 6 meters in diameter, making it the second largest clock in Europe.
Palace of Culture and Science still causes controversy among the residents of Warsaw, some of them still consider him a symbol of Soviet domination of Polish. The building has already become the city’s landscape, however, and is now a symbol of Warsaw.