Ruwenzori – (since 1980 known as the Rwenzori) volcanic mountain range in central Africa on the border of DR Congo and Uganda. Mountains are identified with the moon marked on the map of Ptolemy in the second century AD. It extends west of the Great Rift Valley, between Lake Albert and Lake in the north of Edward in the south. The extent of the massif is: length of 120 km and a width of about 65 km.
Rwenzori is the highest mountain in Stanley, and more specifically one of its vertices is called Margaret Peak (5109 m).
In 1994 the Rwenzori National Park was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
All climate change is reflected in the recession of tropical glaciers deposited in the upper parts of the massif of Ruwenzori. In 1906 there were 43 named glaciers with a total area of 7.5 km ². In 2005, the glaciers lying only three peaks, and the surface was less than 1.5 km ².
Ruwenzori massif formed 2 million years ago. It is a mountain chain with a length of 125 km, runs along the border of Congo-Uganda. In the language of the local tribe is Ruwenzori charmer rain. This is indeed a very wet and foggy place where the clouds covering the tops of mountains, 300 days a year.
Everything seems to be here two times higher than elsewhere. Earthworms reach 1 m in length and are as thick as an adult human thumb. Black pigs are forest giants feral pigs Africa; weigh about 16 pounds and measure 1 m. Lobelia plant, found in many gardens here has 2-foot stem, flower and its shape resembles a large candle. Mountain bamboo reaches 9-12 m in height, and sedge (grass species) 1.8 m. Botanists believe that the cause of achieving the monstrous size of the plants and animals occurring in this area are heavy rain, strong sunlight and the specific characteristics of acidic soils .
Although the Ruwenzori massif away from the equator is only about 48 km, it’s peaks throughout the year are covered with beautiful, silvery snow caps. English explorer, Henry Morton Stanley was the first European who saw them. It was in 1888, but the ancient Greek geographer, Ptolemy, wrote about the Moon Mountains, which were to be the source of the Nile. It is believed that Ptolemy was referring to Ruwenzori.