Salar de Uyuni – salt pan, dried salty residue on the lake in the southwestern Bolivian altiplano in the Andes. It occupies an area of 10 582 km ², making it the largest solniskiem world. It is situated at an altitude of about 3653 m above sea-level and, together with the lakes Titicaca and Poopó existing remnant of the Pleistocene lake Ballivián. This is one of the most flat areas in the world (elevation difference is less than 41 cm).
Saline soils cover the surface of the shell which is extremely rich in brine point. It is estimated that 50-70% of the world’s lithium resources.
Altiplano (high plain) is a vast plateau in the Andes in Bolivia, located more than 3 thousand. m above sea-level At its southern end, there are several salt lakes, formed at the end of the last ice age (about 10 thousand. Years ago), when the ice melted and the water evaporated.
The biggest and most impressive is the lake Salar de Uyuni. Every winter it is filled with rainwater, forming a shallow body of water. In summer the water evaporates, leaving salt on the surface layer with a thickness of up to 6 m. The glossy mirror-like surface of the saline soils can drive a car.
On the southern edge of the Altiplano only grow cacti. Located on the area lakes differ in coloration and structure: they are brick-red, green, turquoise or silver-gray, depending on the minerals contained in the salt.