Frequency range: the Cordillera del Paine, Patagonia, Andy
First ascent: Christian Bonington and Don Whillans
Torres del Paine – massif belonging to the mountainous Cordillera del Paine in Chile lies in Patagonia. It is located 400 km north of Punta Arenas and about 2500 km south of the Chilean capital Santiago de Chile.
The massif consists of three towers of rock:
- Southern: probably the highest, with a height of about 2500 m above sea level, captured by Armando Aste,
- Middle (2460 m) was captured in 1963 by Chris Bonington and Don Whillansa,
- North (2260 m): acquired by Guido Monzino.
Not yet been carried out accurate measurements of peak heights and measurements given are based on estimates and often differ significantly from each other.
National Park Torres del Paine
Part of a mountain with an area of 2.400 km ² is protected within the National Park Torres del Paine (Spanish: Parque Nacional Torres del Paine). This area was first reserve, created in 1959, then converted into a national park. In 1978, UNESCO inscribed it to an organization on the list of biosphere reserves.
In the park there are numerous glaciers and lakes, as well as the monumental rock formations. There is an abundance of animal species, including gwanako, rheas, flamingos and condors.
Andes in South America is a chain built of granite covered with a layer of shale. In niekórych places, due to movements inside the earth, the mass beneath the surface of the granite they found her in the form of columns pushed to the surface. The action of glaciers caused the erosion of these formations. Currently, these are rock towers with rounded tops and steep, sometimes vertical walls.
In this way, originated in southern Chile Paine peaks. There are two peaks built of gray granite, finished with a layer of black shale.
They just ascend to 2545 meters above sea level, however, dominate the surrounding neighborhood meadows, marshes and moss-covered multi-colored lakes of crystalline water.